Thursday, June 12, 2014

Head on F 35 Vs China

Gen. Mike Hostage On The F-35; No Growlers Needed When War Starts 

Originally Posted in Breaking Defence

After months of name-calling and increasingly aggressive sea and air patrols around the Senkaku and Spratly islands, a Chinese frigate rams and sinks a Japanese Aegis ship patrolling near Uotsuri Jima on Christmas Eve 2021. Is it accidental? Irrelevant. After repeated provocations and increasingly shrill pronouncements by Chinese leaders, the Japanese people have had enough. Japan scrambles fighters and bombers to protect the Senkaku Islands, Okinawa, and the rest of its southern and western flanks. In response, China’s most capable aircraft carrier deploys fighters from just outside Japanese territorial waters.

After decades of sporadic but increasingly violent confrontations, these actions finally prompt Japan to invoke its mutual defense treaty with the United States. As several hundred Chinese J-20s are scrambled and streak toward the Japanese islands, more than 500 F-35s from the US, Korea and Japan join 70 F-22s roaring off flight lines from across the Pacific. US Air Force F-35As take off from hardened air bases in Japan and a now-unified Korea. Roughly half the F-35B fleet in the region zoom off from ships and locations scattered across the Pacific where they have been moved far from hardened facilities as tensions rose. A small force of F-35Cs join Growlers and F/A-18 Super Hornets fly picket for the three US carrier groups operating in the region. The bulk of the F-35C force sits ready on the three flight decks, ready as a reserve force, along with the half of the allied force’s F-35Bs poised on highways and ships scattered across the Pacific theater.

China’s most advanced integrated air defense systems — largely upgraded systems based on Russian S-400 models — are manned and ready. The J-20s and IADS use both radar and Infrared Search and Track (IRST) sensors for targeting and tracking. This is not just a more advanced version of the air war against Saddam Hussein’s Iraq or the one in the Balkans against Soviet-trained forces in the mid-1990s, when an F-117 stealth fighter was shot down by Serb forces after weeks of the aircraft flying the same air corridor.
The Chinese radar will change their frequencies to monitor and target the allied squadrons. Networked radar systems across China will turn on and off randomly, sharing data with each other and triangulating it for targeting. Combine that networked data with information from the IRST sensors and the tasks of the F-22 and F-35 pilots will grow geometrically more complex.

The best estimates by most experts are that the F-22s will fare quite well in this classic Anti-Access/Area Denial (A2/AD) environment, relying on their unique combination of low observability, super cruise and vectored thrust to strike other aircraft and IADS. But how will the Joint Strike Fighters — about which we know so much about their cost and schedule — fare in war during the crucial period from Day 0 to Day 10?
At least one senior allied official I’ve spoken with believes the F-35 will be “undefeatable” through the 2020s. That’s awfully vague, if impressive. Most of what the public knows is that the F-35 possesses advanced sensors and is stealthy, but that doesn’t answer the fundamental questions either.

First, let’s tackle the standard arguments offered by F-35 critics, especially Growler-builder Boeing and its surrogates. The Growler, officially designated as the E/A-18G, is an advanced electronic warfare version of the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet. Boeing, some Navy experts, and others point to the F-117 shoot-down over Serbia and to the F-35′s “targeted” electronic warfare capabilities and argue that the Growler’s broadband, high-powered jamming make it a natural partner for the “vulnerable” JSF as it goes to war.
The F-35′s jamming isn’t powerful enough and only works as one is flying forward, they say, while the Growler can blanket an enemy’s systems and the back-seater can adjust the Growler’s jamming with more finesse. For example, if an enemy radar is changing frequencies, the Growler can react faster and more effectively because the weapons officer in the back seat can adjust the electronic warfare response. Boeing and other Growler advocates say the F-35′s reliance on a data “library” to make recommendations to the pilot leave it less responsive.

Hostage labels as “old think” those critics who point to the F-117 shoot-down and the presumed supremacy of high-powered electronic-magnetic warfare. ”We have one F-117 shot down in 78 days of flying over that country, thousands of sorties. They shot down one airplane,” Hostage says. “And they shot down one airplane because we flew across the same spot on the ground for weeks at a time. It took them multiple weeks to figure out how to shoot the thing. Then they had to get four or five systems to do it. It took them weeks to take it out. I can accept that kind of attrition rate. I obviously don’t want to lose anyone, but good Lord, one airplane over the course of 78 days, that’s pretty impressive.”
Growlers are not front-line aircraft for the first week of war, Hostage argues. They will be useful against a high-end opponent for the same reason that other fourth-generation aircraft such as F-15s and F-16s will be: for “volume” in the face of superior enemy numbers.

However, one Pentagon source familiar with the cyber and electronic warfare capabilities of the F-35, EA-6B and the Growler was more sympathetic to the other planes’ EW capabilities.
“The F-35 complements the EA-6B and EA-18G — not replaces. That may change in some long range plans but in the near future they complement each other,” the source said in an email. “Right now we need them both.” And so the discussion goes. But Gen. Hostage was crystal clear in his assessment.

Stealth Is Not Invisibility

“But in the first moments of a conflict I’m not sending Growlers or F-16s or F-15Es anywhere close to that environment, so now I’m going to have to put my fifth gen in there and that’s where that radar cross-section and the exchange of the kill chain is so critical. You’re not going to get a Growler close up to help in the first hours and days of the conflict, so I’m going to be relying on that stealth to open the door,” Hostage says.

But stealth is not invisibility, especially for fighters that must have tails for maneuverability (rather than the B-2 stealth bomber’s tailless “flying wing” design). Both F-22s and F-35s will be spotted at range by low frequency radar. The F-35′s cross section is much smaller than the F-22′s, but that does not mean, Hostage concedes, that the F-35 is necessarily superior to the F-22 when we go to war. In fact, Hostage says that it takes eight F-35s to do what two F-22s can handle.

“The F-35 is geared to go out and take down the surface targets,” says Hostage, leaning forward. “The F-35 doesn’t have the altitude, doesn’t have the speed [of the F-22], but it can beat the F-22 in stealth.” But stealth — the ability to elude or greatly complicate an enemy’s ability to find and destroy an aircraft using a combination of design, tactics and technology — is not a magic pill, Hostage reminds us.

F-35 First Designed To Kill Advanced Surface to Air Systems

Bear in mind that the F-35 is the first US aircraft designed to the requirement that it be highly effective at neutralizing S-400 systems and their cousins.

“The F-35 was fundamentally designed to go do that sort of thing [take out advanced IADS]. The problem is, with the lack of F-22s, I’m going to have to use F-35s in the air superiority role in the early phases as well, which is another reason why I need all 1,763. I’m going to have some F-35s doing air superiority, some doing those early phases of persistent attack, opening the holes, and again, the F-35 is not compelling unless it’s there in numbers,” the general says. “Because it can’t turn and run away, it’s got to have support from other F-35s. So I’m going to need eight F-35s to go after a target that I might only need two Raptors to go after. But the F-35s can be equally or more effective against that site than the Raptor can because of the synergistic effects of the platform.”

The F-35, critics say, can be spotted by low frequency radar (as can almost any aircraft, no matter how stealthy) and isn’t as good at dogfighting as is the F-22. But Hostage says, as do other senior Air Force and Marine officers, that an F-35 pilot who engages in a dogfight has probably made a mistake or has already broken through those IADS lanes and is facing a second wave of enemy aircraft. The F-35, he says, has “at least” the maneuverability and thrust and weight of the F-16. The F-35 is to the F-22 as the F-16 is to the F-15. The latter aircraft are the kings of air to air combat. The F-35 and the F-16 are the mainstay of the air fleet, designed for both air-to-air and air-to-ground attacks.

But the F-35 possesses much superior sensors compared with the F-16 or the F-15. For example, its Distributed Aperture System gives the pilot the ability to see all around the plane (on top, underneath, in front of and behind) with extremely high resolution. When the DAS or some of the other sensors pick up the signature of an enemy plane or weapon, the F-35′s so-called fusion engine advises the pilot about the best weapon to use against the threat.

It does this by collating data from all of the plane’s sensors, from other F-35s and accompanying planes, analyzing them, comparing the data to a “library” of threats and making recommendations to the pilot, usually right on his highly-advanced helmet’s visor. If there are multiple threats then the F-35 identifies the highest value targets and recommends what weapons to use against them and makes recommendations to the pilot about the order in which to deal with each threat.

Add to the sensors’ sensitivities and the fusion engine’s abilities the fact that a squadron of F-35s share data with each other.

“Fusion says here’s what’s out there. You told me, this one right here’s a threat. Here’s what it’s doing right now. Here’s what your wingman (knows): he sees he’s got a missile on the right, so I’m not going to waste a missile because I already see that my wingman’s taking care of it,” Hostage says.

Fusion Of Stealth, Computing Power, Data

In the end, what marks the F-35 as a dominant weapon is its combination of stealth, computing power, built-in targeting and  databases, sensors that we hear can reach out more than 1,200 miles in some scenarios, with all of that fed to the pilot in his cockpit with automatically-generated target, weapons and route choices though his helmet.

“And instead of having to fuse three pieces of information and decide if that’s an adversary or not, the airplane is telling him, with an extremely high degree of confidence, what that adversary is and what they’re doing and what all your wingmen are doing,” Hostage explains. “It’s a stunning amount of information.”

But are the planes against which the JSF is likely to go up against — advanced Russian and Chinese fighters, the Su-35 and the J-20 — superior? Some critics argue the US is fielding an aircraft that is not worth the enormous portion of the Defense Department’s budget the F-35 will absorb.

Hostage concedes the plane is more expensive than anyone thought it would be. But the Lockheed Martin person in charge of the program, Lorraine Martin, has promised the F-35 will cost less than any US fourth generation aircraft by 2019. That presumes the number of aircraft remains stable at the planned amounts, of course.

So what advanced aircraft are F-35s likely to face? Russia has found it impossible, so far, to field numbers of fifth-generation fighters. ”The Russians can build one-off systems, can build small numbers of really capable stuff, but they have not yet achieved the industrial capacity to produce in huge volumes,” Hostage tells me.
On the other hand, the Chinese are expected to produce large numbers of J-20s over time. While F-35 critics point to the purportedly advanced features of the new Chinese aircraft, noting apparent improvements in stealth, Hostage is skeptical of the plane’s capabilities, so far.

 “They’re just now rolling their prototypes out and flying their supposed fifth gen capability. So it looks like — It’s a Raptor [F-22] look-alike. It doesn’t mean it’s got the same internal capabilities. The systems on board, the fusion on board, the stealth — the jury’s out,” he avers. Regardless of what’s inside them, the Chinese can make lots of planes. “I absolutely believe that the Chinese have the capacity to build a high-quality system. I absolutely believe they have the industrial capacity to build lots of them. That’s what worries me. I have no doubt they’ll get, they’re stealing stuff from us as fast as they can, so that will accelerate their technological path, and then their industrial capacity is impressive.”

Tuesday, June 10, 2014

54 New ITBP Border Posts along Arunachal Border

Check China 54 New Border Posts in Arunachal Border

originally Posted in  Indian Express

Arunachal Pradesh shares a total of 1,126 km of its international border with China.


In a major step to fortify defences along the China border, over 50 new border posts are being planned for the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) force in the north eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh.


Official sources said a proposal for creating 54 modern posts for the ITBP is under consideration of the Union Home Ministry after the border guarding force recently submitted a proposal in this regard.


“The Home Ministry has in principle given its nod for the proposal which is being processed,” the sources said.


Arunachal Pradesh shares a total of 1,126 km of its international border with China, second in length after Jammu and Kashmir which has a 1,597 km long frontier with India’s eastern neighbour.


As part of modernisation and better border management planning of Indian security mechanism along this border, prone to a spate of incursions, the posts will be, under the proposal, equipped with all the basic gadgets that the troops require to position themselves at these icy heights.


“The new border posts will be solar powered and have space to not only accommodate the regular ITBP guards but also to house a small squad of reinforcements in case of emergencies. The posts will have satellite phone connectivity,” the sources said.


At present, India has 142 border posts along this 3,488 km long frontier with other border states being Himachal Pradesh (200 km), Uttarakhand (345 km) and Sikkim (220 km).


Arunachal Pradesh, at present, has close to 30 ITBP border posts but a need has been felt to bolster the presence of the paramilitary men in order to meet border challenges and future commitments, they said.

Monday, June 9, 2014

Indian Navy Tu 22 M

 Indian Navy Tu 22M

It's a Saga whether the Indian Navy used or Not the Tu 22M variant of Tupelov Swept Wing Maritime and Strategic Bomber . 

Where Many of them didn’t saw the Tu 22M in India or Never Photographed in India so Till Now no Visual Claims. But Its official Russia and India Negotiated to acquire 4 of these Tu 22M maritime strike Variant. It’s publicly available in the Media sources.

Whether You Peoples Believed or Not  Yes India Operated Four Tu 22M armed with 3 Kh-22M/AS-4 Kitchen Cruise Missile Range upto  200 Kilo Meters .Where the Tu 22s Combat Radius is 2400 Kilo Meters.

Originally the Soviet Tu 22 have two Hardpoints in the wing for Two Heavy Nuclear Armed Cruise Missiles and a Rotary ring in the Middle of the fuselage to carry 6 1500Kg Bombs ..But Later the Modified Tu 22 can carry more Payloads in the Fuselage because of increased Hard points .But our Tu 22M having only Three Hard points and their Armaments are stated above.
Who are all Claimed we have Tu 22M

The Australian Air Power Researchers find some of the Tu 22M in Andaman Nicobar Islands

Some Indian Navy Officials Claims that we have Tu 22M for Some time for Quick Replacement of Tu 142 and IL 38 where both of them Withdrawn from service due to MLU in Russia .

Several Indian Navy Officials Claims they seen the Tu 22 M

While We have Bunch of unaudited Defense agreements with the Russians as Secrets ..

And the Secrets always Secrets

Sunday, June 8, 2014

Planned and Delayed Procurements of Indian Army

Planned/ Delayed Procurements of Indian Army

Originally Posted in Force India.
Note How to Read ..Machine/Status/

BRAHMOS Supersonic Cruise Missile

Army has placed order for three regiments of Brahmos. Sanction for 4th regiment awaited. Upgraded Block III Brahmos has undergone successful series of trials. 

Two regiments with Brahmos are fully operational. Third regiment of Brahmos to be deployed in Arunachal Pradesh.

M777 Ultra Light Howitzers

MoD delay has pushed back purchase of 145 M777 155mm / 39 calibre Ultra Light Howitzer’s, pending since 2010. Cost has now increased from USD 647 million to USD 885 million.

If an order is placed by 2015-2016, then first guns would be delivered by 2017-2018, with deliveries being completed by 2020 for 5 regiments.

Ordinance Factory Board 155/45mm calibre Dhanush artillery gun

Ordinance Factory Board displayed 155/45mm calibre Dhanush based on original Bofors drawings at Defexpo 2014.   OFB has received indent for 114 units of 155mm x 45 calibre Artillery guns  

Trials ongoing, likely to be completed by 2015. All 114 guns are to be delivered to the Army within a maximum of 36 months from accord of Bulk Production Clearance  

Towed Gun Systems (TGS) and Mounted Gun System (MGS)

Has been declared a ‘Make and Buy’ for 1800 systems.  Winner yet to be declared.

Planned Induction Date 2016-2018

T-90 S ‘Bhishma’ Main Battle Tank (MBT)

59 armoured regiments to be equipped with around 1600 tanks (1000 to be manufactured in India). DAC has cleared manufacture of 235 T-90 tanks at HVF Avadi.

Already in operation.   Substantial numbers of T-90’s to be upgraded with improved sighting, navigation and fire control systems

T-72 M1 ‘Ajeya’ MBT

The fleet of T-72 tanks is being upgraded with Thermal Imager Stand Alone System, improved engines and Auto Land Navigation System for Command and Control Tanks.

Upgraded T-72 tanks are entering service and with life extension to remain operational beyond 2025

Arjun MBT Mk-1

All 124 tanks have been delivered to the Indian Army.

The 43rd armoured regiment at Jaisalmer and 75th armoured regiment are fully operational with 45 tanks each.

Arjun MBT Mk-2

Orders for 118 Arjun Mk-2 likely to be obtained next year. Trials expected to be completed this year

If orders placed next year, deliveries will begin in 2018. Production rate of 30 tanks annually being targeted.

Future Infantry Combat Vehicle (FICV)

Make India project has requirement for 2,600 FICV’s. Project approved in 2009. Contenders are Mahindra, L&T, Tata Motors and OFB.

An indigenous FICV will require at least 3 years to enter production. The large numbers mean that obsolete BMP2/2K will be replaced only by 2030.

BMP-2/2K ‘Sarath’

Indian Army looking to upgrade BMP-2/2K to BMP-2M standard without replacement of existing turret.

Large numbers and delays in the upgrade mean that the entire fleet upgrade for approximately 1,400 BMP’s would be complete only by 2025!

Indian Small Arms System (INSAS) Rifle replacement

To be replaced through global route. Request for Proposal issued in November, 2011 for 60,000 assault rifles. Field trials underway.

Induction likely to begin 2016 onwards. Transfer of Technology, will see Indian ordnance factories manufacture 1, 40,000 rifles.

Close Quarter Battle Carbines//

Requirement for 43,000 carbines.


3rd generation Anti Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)

Israeli Rafael Spike & Raytheon/Lockheed Martin Javelin in contention for order of up to 2000 launchers with 24000 missiles.


Very short-range air-defence system (VSHORADS)

Tender underway since 2010. Competitors are MBDA Mistral, Saab RBS 70 NG and KBM Igla S for an order of close to 1000 launchers with 6000 missiles initially.  Raytheon’s Stinger also on offer.


Information's Exclude BFJ, Ballistic Helmets , NVG sights , Knee Kidney Pads

Friday, June 6, 2014

Know the Engine Saturn AL 31 who Powers the Su 30 MKI

Know the Engine Saturn AL 31 who Powers the
 Su 30 MKI

The Thrust Vectoring AL 31FP in IAF Su 30 MKI

The Engine Who Powers IAF’s most dominating Fighter Su 30 MKI is the Russian Made Saturn AL 31 after Burning Thrust Vectoring Engine. Each Produces 123Kn of Power at Maximum . The Engine Consists of 4 Fans .The Thrust to Weight Ratio Normally Knows TWR 4.77:1 (dry), 7.87:1 (afterburning)

The AL-37FU can deflect its nozzle to a maximum of ±15° at a rate of 30°/sec .The Engine can Hold up upto 3000hrs of Continues Flying .

 While The Al 31 FP is Currently Produced in India with Technology Transfer .